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RV Classes Explained

If you are getting ready for the ultimate trip you’ve been excited about and now planning to rent or finally buy your own RV, then you must have been hearing about a lot of markets or sites mentioning different models of these recreational vehicles.

This might complicate the process of buying your own RV because you have to know which is which and what each type can do for you or what features they offer on the table. Don’t worry because we’ll make everything easy to understand so you don’t have to take too much time searching up each and every one of the RV classes and types!

There are actually two major types of RVs — motorized and towables. Let’s first talk about the motorhomes and its classes.

Motorized RVs

Motorized RVs are independent vehicles that you can drive or reside in. The three types — A, B, and C — are motorized recreational vehicles. The most essential and odd thing about their names is that they go from the largest — Class A — to the tiniest — Class Class B — to the medium sized — Class C.

Class A Motorhome

When you think of a famous person’s tour van, you probably think of these enormous, bus-shaped rigs. These can range in length from 20 to 45 feet, or even longer, and can sometimes accommodate up to ten people. Such motorhomes can be diesel or gas-powered, but they come with a significant fuel expense in any case. Because they’re so big and heavy, they are not quite fuel-efficient but some only get six miles per gallon!

However, whether you’re searching for comfort and convenience, particularly if you’re transporting a large group, a Class A is difficult to top.

The Class A campervan is constructed on a vehicle chassis, a commercial vehicle chassis, or a commercial bus chassis, and operates on diesel or gas, based on its engine kind.

Such motorhomes are normally fully equipped with all of the comforts of home, including a useful living area. Renting or buying this type of camper would not be too different from living in your own household- it’s just better because you are on the road and continue to drive as long as you want.

Class A is the largest RV class size and frequently the most luxury and costly– it’s ideal for long stays in one place, full-time RVing, or folks who want to feel like they’re in a mansion on the road.

Class A RVs are generally simple to operate and do not require a particular driving permit.


  • Inside this class of motorhome, you’ll find all of your life necessities.
  • Large and perhaps opulent interior
  • It is not necessary to have a towing vehicle, and it is possible to tow another car.
  • There is plenty of storage space.


  • This can be costly, both in terms of insuring and fixing.
  • It’s possible that you’ll need a specific driver’s license in depending on your state
  • Several areas do not permit vehicles to be parked on driveways or on streets when they are not in use, thus they must be parked in specifically prepared facilities when they are not in use.
  • Numerous campgrounds need 50-amp hookups.
  • Using one may necessitate further training.
  • Reduced fuel economy

Class B Motorhome

Class B RVs, often called sleeper vans or camper-vans, are among the smaller RV classes, which means they’re more maneuverable than Class A or Class C rigs, however, they lack the same level of internal space. Class Bs, on the other hand, can be a wonderful fit when you’ll be going to spend the rest of your camping trip outside anyway. These normally come with most of what you need (a tiny kitchen, bathroom, bed, and storage), and they’re also a lot cheaper to run.

Furthermore, you’ll have never had to concern yourself about backing up or navigating down a steep or gravel road, that’s where all the best campsites are located!

The Class B motorhome has the smallest chassis among all the RV classes. They’re also referred to as campervans or conversion vans, and they’re constructed on a smaller vehicle chassis than that of the bigger Class A. Class B is a wonderful choice if you want affordability, adaptability, and convenience of use.

This includes cooking amenities, a small refrigerator, a heating unit, foldable beds, and restricted living space are common features of a Class B campervan. Class B motorhomes may or may not feature a self-contained toilet and a fresh-water tank.

Since this is the tiniest class of motorhomes, this will surely be ideal for a short vacation on weekends. One to four individuals can be accommodated in Class B motorhomes and it ranges from 17 to 19 feet in length. A specific license is not required for Class B RVs as well.


  • Cost-effective and enjoyable
  • In comparison to comparable RVs, it has a good fuel efficiency.
  • This is very simple to transport
  • Cost-effective


  • Limited storage space and cramped quarters
  • For more than two individuals, it is unsuitable.
  • There isn’t enough room for laundry, dishwashers, and other major equipment.

Class C Motorhome

Class C campers may be the ideal choice for people that prefer and want a rig that’s easier to drive, a little bit more fuel-efficient, and still has all the comforts. Because they’re designed on a conventional truck chassis, some people find them far more pleasant to drive than the large, bus-style Class As. Moreover, they’re frequently less costly, despite having all of the same amenities, albeit they may be less lavishly outfitted than ultra-the luxurious Class A.

They also get somewhat higher fuel efficiency!

The Class C RV is a shorter variant of the Class A motorhome, and it has been constructed on a truck or van cutout chassis and driven by a gas engine.

The Class C motorhome would more than likely contain bedroom rooms over the cab, including more sleeping space inside the back. Whenever the RV is parked, most Class Cs feature a slide-out feature that helps extend the living area. Most of the same amenities as their larger counterparts are included in Class Cs, including a refrigerator, cooking facilities, self-contained toilet, heating and air conditioning, and a variety of utilities and recreational equipment.

Class C is an excellent camping vehicle since it’s big enough for a long trip yet tiny enough for a quick vacation. This class can hold up to one to eight people depending on the size of the room and usually range 20 to 31 feet in length. A certain license is not required for Class C RVs as well!


  • Class B motorhomes are less expensive than Class A RVs.
  • It can offer more spaces for users
  • Class A RVs have more sleeping and storage capacity than Class B motorhomes.
  • Class A motorhomes have more conveniences and modern conveniences than Class B RVs.
  • Fuel efficiency that is decent


  • Due to their size, driving these types can often be difficult.
  • They usually use a cannon to tow other vehicles.
  • They are usually more costly than a Class B motorhome.

Towable RVs or Trailers

Let’s continue on to trailers now that we’ve covered the various varieties of motorhomes.

The very first important thing to note about travel trailers is that they all necessitate a towing car, which is usually rather powerful. Big trailers and fifth wheels will almost certainly require at least a half-ton, if not a one-ton vehicle to get the task completed safely.

Even just the smallest travel trailers require at least a large SUV to tow them, while some ultra-lightweight trailers may be carried by small SUVs and even automobiles. Nevertheless, don’t be misled by the lower price tag on the rig if you still don’t have a sufficient tow automobile because you’ll really have to buy the tow car as well, which can become more costly than one modest RV.

Towable Folding Trailer

These are little and compact, but they have canvas sides that must be manually unfolded before they’re even used.

The folding trailer is a trailer that can be readily hauled by a car or SUV of ordinary size and fitted with a correct towing package. For convenient storage and hauling, the sides fold away. These trailers are normally less expensive than conventional RVs, but they provide a lovely touch to the outdoor experience.

A few twin beds, a screened-in sleeping room, a sink, faucet, cooktop, and a tiny kitchen area are all included in the foldable trailer’s amenities. There will also be a toilet or shower that may be available in larger apartments.

Towable Travel Trailer

These are a diverse group of towables that come in a variety of RV lengths and layout configurations. You can typically find a sizing chart and characteristics for each brand online to evaluate which one is best for you.

The travel trailer requires a vehicle with a particular hitch, such as an SUV, pickup truck, or van. The vehicle must be supplied with towing equipment that regulates the trailer’s wobble while in motion.

Travel trailers often feature all of the living facilities found in motorized RV classes, however, this is not always the case. Some have no restrooms, cassette toilets, or fewer amenities than a Class A, B, or C campground.

Fifth Wheel Trailer

The Fifth Wheel Trailers are the biggest RVs on the marketplace, but they’re also the heaviest, necessitating the use of a special type of in-bed vehicle tow hitch.

These fifth-wheel trailers derived their name from a front attachment that extends above the tow vehicle and terminates in a plate that resembles another wheel. The cab of a full-sized pickup truck towing it connects to this wheel. When towing a fifth-wheel RV, it’s critical to have the right tow vehicle.

Inside the interior of the fifth-wheel trailer, you can expect to see lots of space; most have slide-outs to expand the living area once situated. A bedroom, living room, kitchen, and bathroom are normally included in the unit. Such fifth-wheels are excellent alternatives if you plan on staying in one place for a lengthy period of time, or if you want to bring toys with you, such as motorcycles or ATVs, if your trailer is provided with a toy transporter.

A fifth wheel trailer eliminates many of the difficulties with convenience and space that traditional trailers have. A personal bedroom that comes with a shower and private toilet chamber is usually found on the elevated front area. Its primary living area is reached via steps, with plenty of space for utilities.

In a fifth-wheeler, three or more slideouts are normal, which means the interior space may carry that several passengers. They could adequately sleep four to eight people, while more can be accommodated with some inventiveness and air mattresses.


  • There are numerous amenities and conveniences available.
  • It can offer a lot of spaces inside
  • When compared to a regular tow trailer, it has more maneuverability.


  • Specialized truck and hitch device is necessary, which is costly.
  • Passengers will have less space if a truck is used.

Toy Haulers

Toy hauler can be described as travel trailers with a “garage” where you can store a huge “toy” like an ATV or a snowmobile.

Toy haulers are designed to seem like a residence on vehicles, complete with a spacious garage for storing outdoor goods and toys such as motorcycles, snowmobiles, and kayaks.

It is not, however, officially its very own trailer portion. As said by the Thor Industries, toy haulers are expected to be typically 21 to 40 feet long and are available in the shape of a travel trailer, fifth wheel, or one of the motorhomes.

Differences of the RV Classes

This differentiation of these classes and types is important for a number of factors, including the fact that camping in a motorhome vs a towable trailer is a very different feeling. For example, despite the fact that a fifth wheel trailer is huge and comfortable, you won’t be able to use any of its features until you’ve completed your day’s journey. In certain extreme cases, such as when your rig is exceptionally big, your state may impose additional licensing requirements.

Self-driving RVs, however, can allow you to pull over to the closest camping area without having to unhitch the vehicle. Moreover, until you tow a smaller vehicle behind the rig, you’ll be locked at your location with no convenient way to get about once you get there.

Factors You May Consider When Buying RVs

Buying an RV will not always be easy but if you are looking for a few more guides on the things you should keep noting about before choosing which class of RV you want for you and your family, then take a look at some of the factors we prepared and listed for you!

Maintenance and Fuel Efficiency

RVs come in different shapes and sizes and specifications, and many have a significant impact on global maintenance costs. Always do your homework prior to actually buying a motorhome or trailer, and keep in mind that they have a lot of elements that will break out over time and use. It is always advised that you’d prefer to know ahead of time whether the required maintenance is much more than you could afford. Costs of fuel are also significant and this is very important thing to note.

Camper vans of various classes and manufactures achieve varying levels of fuel economy, and there is always a price difference between gasoline and diesel. Furthermore, various trailer forms and sizes will generate different levels of drag, lowering fuel efficiency.

Requirement for Storage

In a nutshell, the larger it is, the more difficult it is to secure. This is something we’ve all learned the hard way, but it’s especially true when it comes to choosing an RV or trailer. Storage fees can mount up quickly while the automobile is not in use, so looking into other solutions is usually a good idea.

Here are some of the questions that people should ask themselves when thinking about this factor. Is it more cost-effective to construct a storage building on the comforts near your own properties? Is there a decent storage unit in the area? These are the things you may ask yourself first before picking which type of RV to get.

Towing Capacities

One of the most important things to always consider as well especially when you opt for the trailers is its capacity when hauling or towing. If you want to buy or rent a trailer, your automobile will be the limiting factor. Check your vehicle’s towing capacity and also the weight capacity of your wheels. Nothing is more destructive than overloading your car. Taking note of the capacities needed or specifications for buying or choosing your trailers is important. make sure you get this information correctly as well so you won’t end up causing your car damage or worse- wasting money over the trailer you can’t even use.

Requirements for Driver License

Varied RV Classes have distinct license requirements, which might be confusing. To transport larger RVs or tow hefty trailers, some states demand specific licenses, while others do not – it all relies on where you reside. Obtaining a Class A or Class B license for operating larger trucks is a typical requirement. Remember that weight is usually the deciding factor here; for example, certain jurisdictions demand a Class A license for vehicles weighing more than 26,000 pounds.

Licensing Requirements for and RVs

Whenever buying a camper van, many people underestimate the need of registration and licensing. Its age, length, weight, and marketplace worth of the vehicle, and also the type of chassis and engine position, may all impact the price of registrations. In addition, each state does have its own set of registration laws. For instance, in Oregon, registration is charged per foot of length, although in Idaho, the chassis construction is taken into account. Again once you buy an RV, make sure you know the rules in your area to avoid confusions or surprise requirements right after you purchase your own motorhome or trailer.

Other helpful licensing requirements in different states:

For trailers weighing more than 10,000 pounds, a Class 2 license is necessary in Connecticut.

Throughout Hawaii, a Class 4 license is necessary for trailers holding more than 15,000 pounds but less than 26,000 pounds; however, trailers carrying more than 26,000 pounds necessitate a driver’s licence.

The business driver’s license handbook in Wisconsin has an RV exception for motorhomes and fifth wheel mobile homes that aren’t longer than 45 feet.

Wrap Up: Which Class of RV is Better?

No matter where we look at these vehicles, there will always be different RV classes that will suit a specific needs by a person or a group of people. Knowing which tow vehicle, pop up trailer, or truck campers are better will always be up to the person that will use it in the long run.

It is always a good practice to learn more about what you would need from a vehicle first then soon know your different RV classes and its types to see which can accommodate your group better. if you prefer those vehicles that can offer you all the amenities you would find at home, then you can look for motorhomes. But if you only need a specific space where you can have a nice dining area indoor or seeing space while you park in a good campground, then a towable trailer would be a perfect fit for you.

There will always be pros and cons in these different classes of recreational vehicles so make sure that you choose which one will make your travels and camping a better experience!

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